Could your child be short-sighted? (myopic)?

'Short-sightedness' or 'nearsightedness' are the common terms for myopia - a common eye condition that makes distance vision blurry. It usually starts in childhood and gets progressively worse until the child stops growing.

Myopia explained

  • Understanding short-sightedness in children.

  • Signs of myopia.

  • What causes myopia?

  • How can myopia effect my child?

  • Vision correction options.

What causes myopia?

There are two main factors which can mean your child is more at risk of developing myopia - genetics and lifestyle

Genetics

Myopia in children increases when parents are myopic1
The risk is nearly:

  • When both parents are myopic.

  • When one parent is myopic.

  • When neither parent is myopic.

Lifestyle

Modern lifestyles may influence the development of myopia.

  • Prolonged near tasks such as reading and gaming on portable devices.2.3

  • Low levels of outdoor activity.2.3

  • Poor lighting levels.2.4

Signs to look out for.

  • Distance vision becoming blurry

  • Move closer to the TV

  • Poor concentration

  • Complaints of headaches

  • Poor lighting levels

  • Tired eyes

  • Squinting or screwing eyes up

  • Reduced performance at school

Ready to take on myopia?

  • Spend at least 90 minutes outdoors5

  • Book an eye examination for your children*

  • Discuss myopia management with your Eye Care Professional

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*Regular eye examinations for young children are important to identify and treat myopia early. this may help to reduce the final prescription and the potential risk for future eye health issues
1. Morgan P. Is Myopia Control the Next Contact Lens Revolution? The Optician 2016.
2. Wolffsohn JS, Calossi A, Cho P, et al. Global Trends in Myopia Management Attitudes and Strategies in Clinical Practice. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2016;39:106-16.
3. Glifford P, Glifford KL. The Future of Myopia Control Contact Lens Optom Vis Sci.; 93:336-43.
4. Rose KA, Morgan IG, Ip J, et al. Outdoor Activity Reduces the Prevalance of Myopia in Children. Opthalmology 2008; 115:1279-1285.
5. IMPACT OF INCREASING PREVALANCE OF MYOPIA AND HIGH MYOPIA The impact of myopia and high myopia a Report of the Joint World Health Organisation - Brien Holden Vision Institute
Global Scientific Meeting on Myopia THE IMACT OF MYOPIA AND HIGH MYOPIA University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 16-16 March 2015